Page 63 - 2011 Guide to Family Violence Laws

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58
V. GLOSSARY
Arraignment-
The first court hearing after a person has been arrested.
Arrest Warrant-
An order made by a judge that gives the police the authority to
arrest a person. In some cases the police must have an arrest warrant before
they can make an arrest.
Continuance-
A delay in a court case; the next court date is called the
continuance date.
Custodial Arrest-
An arrest in which the police take the person they are
arresting to the police station.
Family Relations Counselor-
A person who works for the court. His/her job is
to investigate the facts of cases referred to them and make recommendations to
the prosecutor and judge.
Family Violence Education Program-
A defendant is eligible for this program
if he is charged with a family violence crime, if it isn't a serious felony, and if
the judge agrees to let him in the program. The program runs for 6 weeks or
more and provides education about family violence. If the defendant
satisfactorily completes the family violence education program, the charges
against him are dismissed. There is a fee for entering the program, which the
judge can waive if the defendant is too poor to pay.
Family Violence Victim Advocate-
A person who will help you by listening to
you and by giving you information and support. Advocates work in the criminal
court and are available to you if your partner has been arrested for hurting
you.
Foreign Order of Protection
– A court order from another state, U.S. territory
or Indian tribe, that protects someone from the violent or threatening behavior
of another person.
Indigent-
A person whose income is so low that a judge decides that this
person cannot afford an attorney or certain court costs.
Nolled-
A decision made by the prosecutor not to proceed with a criminal case.
The case will be dismissed if the prosecutor does not change this decision
within 13 months.
Plea Bargain-
A discussion in a criminal case between the prosecutor and the
defendant's attorney. The attorneys will decide if the defendant will plead guilty
and therefore avoid a trial.